The country is known to be the fourth biggest economy in Germany but it’s facing numerous challenges as the latest strikes and protests have disturbed the transportation networks and have highlighted the country’s economy.
“A strike by Lufthansa ground crew (German Airlines), following earlier walkouts by train drivers and road blockages by farmers, has led to travel problems”, according to a CNN report.
These problems show the depth of the restless gripping Germany, as it deals with economic headwinds and structural weaknesses.
However, the economic challenge in Germany shows a mixed picture. Even being the fourth-largest global economy, Germany faced a contraction last year, which is the first since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Forecasts for 2024 aren’t good, with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) it predicts stagnant growth. The main reasons behind this are high energy prices, borrowing costs, and weakened demand on the domestic and international front.
Germany’s industrial sector has been affected due to the energy crisis, catalyzed by Russia’s war in Ukraine. However, the challenges extend beyond external shocks as Germany’s structural problems include labour shortages, bureaucratic red tape, and outdated infrastructure, impeding productivity.
President of the German Institute for Economic Research, Marcek Fratzcher advocates for a fundamental economic transformation. He emphasizes the requirements to reshape the industry of Germany to address long-term challenges. While the government has initiated measures such as incentivizing investment and easing immigration rules, Experts argue that extensive reforms are required to helm the economic service.
Germany’s economic condition is intertwined with its historical flexibility and adaptability. Germany has demonstrated resilience in the face of adversity from the post-World War II “Wirtschaftswunder” to overcoming the challenges of reunification
With shifts in global dynamics, problems in its business model are emerging. The dependency on external factors for growth, security and energy needs exposes Germany to risks in the competitive global landscape.